SET TWO and SET THREE treat the taxa at the family level and thereby provide more detail which, in turn, affords the opportunity to better understand the biological diversity of freshwater systems and the changes in environmental health brought on by human activities. These sets would be most useful for teaching principles of biology and ecology at advanced high school and college levels, for training instructors who would be conducting interpretation or outreach activities, and for biomonitoring carried out by experienced citizen volunteers, agency personnel, or professional scientists.
In Set Two, a single card is devoted to each of the following invertebrates:
Viviparid snails; Pleurocerid snails; Ancylid snails; Planorbid snails; Lymnaeid snails; Physid snails; Mussels; Fingernail or pea clams; Asian clam; Zebra mussel; Roachlike stoneflies; Giant stoneflies; Common stoneflies; Perlodid stoneflies; Winter stoneflies; Common burrower mayflies; Small squaregill mayflies; Spiny crawler mayflies; Flatheaded mayflies; Pronggilled mayflies; Small minnow mayflies; Micro caddisflies; Saddlecase maker caddisflies; Giant case maker caddisflies; Common netspinner caddisflies; Fingernet caddisflies; Trumpet net, tubemaker caddisflies; Freeliving caddisflies; Longhorned case maker caddisflies; Northern case maker caddisflies.
Each individual two-sided card features an original high-quality color scientific illustration of an organism on one side and, on the other, the common and scientific name of the organism along with basic questions and answers about the biology, ecology, and environmental tolerances of the pictured organism. In addition to the flash cards, a booklet containing diagrams of body parts, taxonomic classifications, a glossary of 52 terms used in text on the cards, and suggestions for using the cards will accompany each set. These products are based upon illustrations and information contained in J. Reese Voshell's highly esteemed book A Guide to Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America, although they have been updated to include the most recent and pertinent information on the adaptations and functions of freshwater invertebrates in natural ecosystems and how the organisms respond to environmental stresses created by humans.
Flash Cards of Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America are designed specifically for teaching/learning how to identify common freshwater invertebrates and to understand their biology and ecology - including such important basic information as where the invertebrates live, how and what they eat, how they move or avoid moving, how they breathe, their unique anatomy and behavior, and why they are important to their - and our - ecosystems!
Flash cards are acknowledged to be effective teaching/learning resources because they use visualization to associate and integrate diverse information. Flash cards are equally effective for group learning or individual instruction. The flash cards offered here have been designed in accordance with the principles of interpretation - effective communication, emotional or intellectual connections, revelation based on information, and provocation - all of which bring about the desire for learning. These cards will be especially useful for teachers and students at all levels of instruction, naturalists, water quality monitors, interpreters of freshwater environments and ecosystems, landowners, resource managers, anglers, and others with interest in, or responsibility for, studying, interpreting, monitoring, or managing freshwater resources.
Flash Cards of Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America comprises three sets of cards; each set contains 32 cards total. Sixty taxa appear in only one set and fifteen taxa appear in two sets; those taxa that appear twice are treated at different levels of detail in the two sets. The cards are printed in full color on synthetic material with uv-resistant inks and are coated to further protect against fading.
SET ONE covers the major classes and orders of freshwater invertebrates. This set would be basic to teaching/learning biology and ecology at the K-12 levels, for interpretation and outreach activity, and for biomonitoring of freshwater streams and ponds.
SET TWO and SET THREE treat the taxa at the family level and thereby provide more detail which, in turn, affords the opportunity to better understand the biological diversity of freshwater systems and the changes in environmental health brought on by human activities. These sets would be most useful for teaching principles of biology and ecology at advanced high school and college levels, for training instructors who would be conducting interpretation or outreach activities, and for biomonitoring carried out by experienced citizen volunteers, agancy personnel, or professional scientists.
Flash Cards of Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America can easily be used in conjunction with other freshwater education resources authored by J. Reese Voshell - QuickGuide to Major Groups of Freshwater Invertebrates, (2009) and the very popular book A Guide to Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America, (2002). Combined, these items represent a powerful array of interconnected, interactive resources that blend printed information, visual information, process, thought, and experience - all of which enhances, integrates, accelerates, and strengthens learning about freshwater invertebrates and the important role these organisms play in freshwater ecosystems.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Dr. J. Reese Voshell, Jr., was born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina and grew up in Norfolk, Virginia. He holds a BS from Randolph-Macon College and a PhD from Virginia Tech. He has taught in the Department of Entomology at Virginia Tech since 1976 and has been named to the University's Academy of Teaching Excellence. He has received numerous research grants to study the effects of pollution and environmental stress on freshwater invertebrates. Reese's 30 years of teaching, outreach, and research have convinced him that people of all ages, educational backgrounds, and personal interests can become fascinated with freshwater invertebrates. Reese has worked for years with public agencies and private organizations to design and improve water quality monitoring protocols using freshwater macroinvertebrates. Click here to see a recent article he co-authored in American Entomologist, "Volunteer Biological Monitoring: Can It Accurately Assess the Ecological Condition of Streams?"
Dr. Voshell is a member of the M & W Speakers Bureau.